Marlborough Heritage Trust regional collections manager Logan Coote with the mystery bottle. Photo: Matt Brown.

Mystery museum find puzzles experts

A mystery bottle packed away on a museum shelf for decades has baffled experts.

While cleaning out cupboards at the Edwin Fox museum in Picton during lockdown, Marlborough Heritage Trust regional collections manager Logan Coote came across treasure.

But instead of an ornate locked chest, this treasure came in a plastic, orange nail box.

An old bottle, thought to have come off the wreck of the Edwin Fox, has the museum staff scratching their heads.

“It looks like a 1780’s bottle,” Logan says.

“I posted pictures on a bottle collectors’ website and we think it’s probably American.

“We don’t know why it would be on the Edwin Fox.”

Logan says most of the treasures from the ship were small – discarded bric-a-brac that had fallen through cracks in the deck.

The bottle’s method of construction tipped off the archaeologist to its origins.

“It could be from an American whaling ship and got mixed up.

“It’s a mystery – but it’s nice to have.

“We’ll keep doing research.”

The “cheap” bottle, which probably held beer, is too large to have fallen through cracks.

“There were collectors in the Sounds that didn’t necessarily record where they found things,” Logan says.

“It’s not made particularly well, but it’s functional.”

He says it could have washed up on the beach – but documentation with the bottle says it’s from the Edwin Fox.

“It can take a bit of unravelling.”

The bottle wasn’t the only treasure found in the dusty cupboards hidden amongst decades-worth of meeting notes and accounts at the back of the Picton museum.

Porcelain from China and Japan, nuts used for food, pipe stems and prisoner of war art all saw the light of day for the first time since the 80’s.

“The miracle is it’s been looked after,” Logan says.

Marlborough Heritage Centre executive director Steve Austin says the ship is a national treasure.

“The Edwin Fox is unique in the world and the focus of two PHD studies,” he says.

“We do everything to preserve objects – how they’re interpreted changes over time.”

Steve says the past isn’t any less complicated than today – and without the material objects no research can be done.

Constructed in 1853 the Edwin Fox sailed through to the 1880’s.

It transported trade goods, soldiers, immigrants, and convicts.

“It had a real mixture of functions,” Steve says. “It was the roots of the global economy in Marlborough.”

Logan says treasure comes in unassuming packages.

“There’s enough to get excited about,” he says.

Steve says their goal is to keep the best artifacts safe.

Marlborough Museum and the Edwin Fox Museum are both open, with staff encouraging locals to come, learn about the history of the region and explore your own back yard.

Clasina Maria takes out the 2019 Marlborough Cup at Waterlea, the 99th running of the province’s premier harness racing prize. Photo: Peter Jones.

Waterlea Raceway celebrates 100 years of harness action

By Peter Jones and Peter Craig

A century of harness racing in Marlborough will be celebrated at Waterlea Racecourse on Friday and Sunday.

The Marlborough Harness Racing Club’s annual two-day summer meeting will mark the commencement of harness racing at the Waterlea venue 100 years ago.

The inaugural meeting at Waterlea took place on Friday, March 12 1920.

Since 1920, trials, OTB (owners, trainers and breeders) and tote meetings have been held at the central Blenheim location. The only exception came during World War 2 when no meetings were held between 1939 and 1945.

The Marlborough area has facilitated horse racing for more than 150 years. The current Marlborough Trotting/Harness Racing Club commenced operations at the Riverlands course in February 1913 and raced there until the final meeting in 1919 when the action moved to Blenheim.

The Waterlea course opened in 1920, with the first thoroughbred meeting held on March 10 and the historic trotting meeting two days later.

Trotting races have been included on the card at many of the thoroughbred meetings held in the ensuing century, although not every season.

Waterlea soon developed as a spectator-friendly venue. A new members and stewards stand was completed in 1977 with the public stand being developed in the late 1980s.

The Waterlea grass track is utilised by both racing codes with an all-weather harness track becoming operational from December, 1981.

Two-year-old pacer Ahuriri set an elite national mile record in 1922. Photo: Supplied.
Two-year-old pacer Ahuriri set an elite national mile record in 1922. Photo: Supplied.

Varied venues

Other tracks/clubs which were utilised in the Marlborough area included the Wairau Racing Club (pre-1880) which raced at the Omaka Domain; the Marlborough Jockey Club (formed in 1880) initially operating at Omaka Domain and Riverlands prior to Waterlea; the Pelorus Jockey Club’s solitary meeting on New Year’s Day 1892 at Kaituna; the Upper Wairau Racing Club meetings from 1891-94 at the Miners Old Course, Renwick; the Marlborough Trotting Club meeting in 1894 at the Hibernian Society’s Sports Ground in Blenheim; the Wairau TC meeting in 1911 at the Awatere RC, Seddon.

Meeting venues, times

The Riverlands course hosted meetings for the following clubs: Marlborough HC (1891); Birthday RC (1892-1895); Blenheim TC (1892); Marlborough RC (1893-1919) and the Wairau TC (1903-1911).

The Marlborough Trotting Club held one summer meeting each year from 1913 until 1950, although no meetings were staged during the Second World War years.

A two-day summer carnival was then introduced, followed in 1974 by meetings on three days (one January, two February) while from 1975-1980, the two days in February were supplemented by the initial one-day winter meetings in June. This changed in 1981 to two-day summer and winter carnivals, held in February and June respectively.

In the mid-1990’s further meetings were held in addition to those meetings, while the current two-day meetings (Friday/Sunday) in mid-January and June have remained in place since 1999 with the exception of June, 2017 when, following the Kaikoura earthquakes, a one-day winter meeting was conducted at Addington Raceway.

In recent years, both summer and winter meetings have included preludes to the Marlborough Cup on Friday with the Cup at stake on Sunday.

The Sunday Summer meeting is now conducted as an Interislander Summer Festival meeting.

Currently two tracks are utilised by the club – summer meetings are held on the 1600m grass track, with a 350m straight, while winter events are contested on the 1506m all-weather track.

A large crowd filled the grandstand at Waterlea for this meeting in the early 1980s. Photo: Supplied.
A large crowd filled the grandstand at Waterlea for this meeting in the early 1980s. Photo: Supplied.

Mobile introduced

The mobile gate was first introduced to Waterlea Raceway in the 1983-4 season, principally due to Marlborough’s first staging of a heat of the DB three-year-old fillies series. This was the first of two classic race series to be staged by the club, the other being the Pelorus Trust four-year-old Classic).

Records set

The one elite record set on the Waterlea track was on March 10, 1922 when Ahuriri established a NZ two-year-old pacers mile record of 2:20.0. A top performer, Ahuriri won two NZ Cups (1925, 1926) and the 1927 Auckland Cup. His breeder/owner was RM Morten, trainer Scotty Bryce and driver James Bryce.
Other NZ records established on the Waterlea track include Jack Shine’s 2:03.8 in the horses and geldings pacers mile standing start in June 1982 and Lady Eastburn’s mares pacing standing start mile record of 2:05.2, set in February 1982.

Century of cups

This year’s meeting includes another milestone, the running of the 100th Marlborough Cup for pacers.

The Marlborough Pacing Cup was first contested in 1913 – in fact there were two recorded instances of a Marlborough Cup that year, the first won by Lucy Wallace and the second by Ariadne. The 2020 edition being run on Sunday over 2850m (grass) represents the 100th recorded running of the Cup, which was not contested in 1916, 1939-45 or 1976. Previous winners have included Hayseed (1920, the first Cup winner at Waterlea), Waikato Prince (1937, winner of Dominion Hcp Trot), Auckland Cup winner Macklin (1957), ID heat winner Why Bill (1975), West Coast Bonus and Easter Cup winner Our Mana (1983), Blue Chip Rock (2004, Easter Cup) while dual winners have been Full Cry (1919, 1920) and Vikota (1929, 1930).

The Marlborough Winter Cup, held during the annual two-day June winter meeting commenced in 1975, won by Sidestep, and is run over 3200m. Winners have included Atom Love (2001, 1:49.4US) and Bettors Strike (2008, Victoria Cup) while Runaway Groom 1990, Atom Love 2001, Fifth Edition 2014 have won both Winter Cups at Nelson and Blenheim in the same year.

Fillies series

The three-year-old fillies classic series began in 1979 and featured a heat at Waterlea from 1984 until 2014.

Winners included Sweet Alli (1984, 2:05.2, second was Blue Water winner of final), Leigh Lumber (1985, first in 2:00.0), future open class pacers in Michele Bromac, Bionic Chance, Oaxaca Lass, Mainland Banner, fastest filly Miss Elsie (2011, 1:55.3) and last heat winner in Murphy Brown (2014). The only winner of the Marlborough heat and the Fillies final was outstanding filly Under Cover Lover (1998, 1:57.1).

Instituted in 2003, the Pelorus Trust 4yo Classic’s lifespan ran until the 2015 season. Leading lights to succeed in the Classic included London Legend, Likmesiah, Monkey King, Kiwi Ingenuity, Choise Achiever, Jason Rulz, Franco Nelson and final winner Isaiah (2015).

Notable trainers, administrators

According to Harness Racing NZ records, over 80 trainers have raced horses from Marlborough since the 1959-60 season.

Those most prominent have included Grant Anderson with 21 training victories to date at Waterlea since 1983, Pat O’Brien (13 – with son Mike a further six), Alan Shutkowski (12), Graham Neill (11), Mac Miller (10) and Peter Hope (eight) rounding out the leading half dozen trainers on a wins basis.

Others who have trained in the Blenheim area at some stage include Brent Weaver (two wins), Don Morrison (six), Dean Hunter (seven) and Brian Wastney (two).

Over the preceding four decades, 21 local victories were recorded.

Club presidents have included Bill Murray (1951-56, 1960-69), Pat O’Brien and Brian Wastney while the current chairperson is Petrina Shutkowski.

In recent years Barry Forbes spent just over two decades as club secretary, with previous secretaries including Graham Fuller (1954-1977/8), MA Peters (1978/9-1982/3) and Mike O’Brien (1983/4-1990/1).

Details courtesy of Marlborough HRC.

A Walrus amphibian biplane. Photo: Supplied.

Daredevil’s flight of fancy

Pilot, entrepreneur and risk taker, Jack Gould flew across the Cook Strait in an amphibious plane. Here, Marlborough Weekly reader and amateur historian Nigel Perry recounts some of Jack’s daring adventures.

John (Jack) Mervyn Gould was born near Wakefield in late 1927.

History has it that Jack was constantly getting up to mischief. Jack was obsessed with making money and was always on the look out for the next big thing.

Near the end of the Second World War, Jack changed his birth name from Goul to Gould. He told people he had been a fighter pilot in the Pacific and although he had been in the air force, he was ground based.

Jack was instrumental in setting up the Paraparaumu Flying School, with himself as the first pupil. He purchased a Tiger Moth and proudly painted it orange before embarking on a programme of buying surplus war aircraft, including more than a 100 Airspeed Oxfords, several Tiger Moths and two Walrus amphibian biplanes stored at Woodbourne.

The Oxfords cost him ten pounds ($20) each and he sold them on for 32 pounds and ten shillings ($65) each. Jack then talked air force bosses into restoring two of the Oxfords and painting them in the chosen livery colours of Gould Air Service, orange. He intended to use the two Oxfords for freight work and the Walrus amphibians for port work.

As sales of the Oxfords got underway, Jack became a familiar sight in and around Blenheim in his orange painted Ford Mercury car. He would also often visit in his Tiger Moth, loading it for the return flight with items for resale. He would sometimes arrive at Paraparaumu with less than he’d stashed in the rear cockpit as turbulence cost him some of his cargo.

To get Gould Air Services up and running, he needed to get his Walrus aircrafts to Paraparaumu. Both had stood in the open at Woodbourne since decommission in 1945. On 11 June 1947, Jack flew the unregistered plane across Cook Strait and landed on the beach. According to notes in the press at the time he was allegedly warned by the station commanding officer that the plane was not even to be taxied on the aerodrome, let alone flown.

But undaunted, Jack climbed into the cockpit, opened the throttle and sent the ponderous Walrus roaring across the runway for a good cross wind take-off.

To astonished witnesses, he appeared to have the aircraft fully under control. He landed at Paraparaumu Beach an hour later to be given a 20 pound ($40) and a stern rebuke from air department staff. He was warned not to fly the Walrus planes again until they were air worthy and registered for civilian use.

But later, again ignoring officials, he taxied from the Wairau Bar in July 1947, taking his wife on a seven-hour trip which she later recalled as being as much under the water as above it. The two Walrus aircraft never flew again.

Gould Air Services never amounted to very much. The final straw came when he offered a group of eight men a cheap flight to Christchurch from Wellington. Sitting on bench seats and made to link arms on take off and landing, the men faced an expensive return trip, forcing them to make their own way home after Jack was grounded.

His candle burned brightly but briefly: on 24 December 1947 he gave one of his friends a Christmas Eve surprise and went roaring over the house at low level before he struck a power pole and was killed after his plane burst into flames.

Karen McLeod hopes to uncover families with links to the Edwin Fox. Photo: Paula Hulburt.

Hunt on for families with historic ship links

The search is on for families connected to an historic ship – some of whom may have no idea about their lofty links.

There are more than 1000 names on the list of immigrants, crew and convicts who arrived in New Zealand on the Edwin Fox.

As the date for a special event for descendants draws closer, Edwin Fox Maritime Museum manager Karen McLeod hopes to uncover more connections.

“There are at least 100 people registered for the muster, but it would great to get more along.

“I’d like to find some of the people who don’t realise they’re connected; get people thinking that maybe they’re related,” she says.

The Edwin Fox is the only surviving ship that transported convicts to Australia, and the reunion for the ship’s descendants is planned for October 25, 16 and 27.

Edwin Fox Maritime Museum manager Karen McLeod hopes to uncover more connections. Photo: Paula Hulburt.
The ninth oldest preserved ship in the world, the Edwin Fox is a popular visitor attraction. Photo: Paula Hulburt.

Karen says at a recent talk she attended in Auckland, a descendant family introduced themselves.

“A lot of people know if they have descendants but there will be people out there who don’t and it would be great to find them,” she says.

Built on the Ganges in 1853, The Edwin Fox, which is in sry dock in Picton, was later chartered by the Shaw Savill Company to carry immigrants to New Zealand from England in 1873.

The ninth oldest preserved ship in the world, the Edwin Fox is a popular visitor attraction.

“We’ve just had one of our best years ever in terms of visitor numbers with around 11,200 people through.

“Word is getting out,” says Karen.

“We had passengers from all over the UK, Ireland, Scotland, lots from Cornwall.

“We also thought it would be a good time to enquire if anyone has any old relics of the Edwin Fox Ship, not necessarily to give back but so we can keep track of where they might be for the future.”

Edwin Fox Maritime Museum manager Karen McLeod hopes to uncover more connections. Photo: Paula Hulburt.
Edwin Fox Maritime Museum manager Karen McLeod hopes to uncover more connections. Photo: Paula Hulburt.

Key names connected to the Edwin Fox: Hurford, Prince, Hunt, Friel, Prince, Ongley, Heberley,  Keegan, Manning, Wilcock, Curnow, Hocking, Dundas, Rowe (from Cornwall ) Huzziff, Neazor, Pask, Power, Kerr, Thomas (from Cornwall) , Carroll (they were destined for Auckland), Cannon, Forder, Morgan,, Bailey, Bates, Lomasney, Legge, Jemmett, Brunsdon or Brunsden, Lloyd, Mapey from Glamorgan, Trestrain, Windosen, Cheeseman, Dobbie, Doddy, Dooley,  Dunn, Kelbow, Killcher kingerlee, Oki, Quarterman, Knigge, Aylward Shea, Le Neury, Scalfi, Topp, Whenbaw, Cushelly, Eaves,  Molison,Teehan, William Black (captain) Wealleavers, Woolford Burgoyne, Wilson, Yeo,  Gschnell (Austria destined for New Plymouth), and Treverrow.

A warm welcome in Picton fore shore

Plans to mark the milestone 250th anniversary of James Cook’s arrival in Marlborough will rely on the help of the public.

Marlborough mayor John Leggett is asking people to get involved as the countdown to November edges closer.

He is urging people to save-the date and make the most of the “once-in-a-lifetime” opportunity.

Marlburians are being encouraged to ‘save the date’ to welcome a national flotilla of tall ships and waka at the centre of national Tuia 250 commemorations.

His words come as the core vessels taking part in the Tuia 250 Voyage, are confirmed.

“We have an incredible natural backdrop in Tōtaranui; Queen Charlotte Sound that promises to be the highlight of the flotilla’s voyage of New Zealand.

“The sight of the waka, va’a and the tall ships representing our dual heritage will be absolutely stunning,” he says.

“I encourage everyone to get involved – let’s give our visitors a warm welcome and show them that Marlborough really is one of the best places on Earth to be.”

The flotilla is due to land on 21 November 2019 as part of a series of ceremonies in tribute to the first meeting between Māori and Europeans in 1769.

The Ministry of Culture and Heritage announced last week that a huge community welcome was planned.

For further information visit

John says witnessing the arrival of the flotilla, which will be greeted by four local waka tāngata, will be a once-in-a lifetime opportunity and he encouraged the whole community to get involved.

Key vessels include two waka hourua (double-hulled canoes) – the Haunui from Tāmaki Makaurau/Auckland and Ngahiraka Mai Tawhiti from Tauranga – and the Fa’afaite i te Ao Mā’ohi, a va’a moana from Pape’ete, Tahiti.

The heritage vessels joining the flotilla are the HMB Endeavour replica from the Australian National Maritime Museum in Sydney and the Spirit of New Zealand from Tamaki Makaurau/Auckland.